The Middle as a Basic Voice System

Those of you who have followed this blog for any period of time know that one of my keen interests (along with word order, phrase structure, verbal semantics, & pronouns) is the Greek voice system. I found a pdf version of an article online this evening that I had wanted to read for some time. The book is virtually impossible to find. The only place you can buy it is HERE (if you’re willing/able to navigate the Spanish).

Anyway, the article in question is entitled: “Middle as a Basic Voice System,” available at the author’s webpage: HERE.

How is this article relevant to those of us studying Greek? Well, Rutgar Allan in his The Middle Voice in Ancient Greek: A Study of Polysemy (Amsterdam Studies in Classical Philology) argued that unlike other languages, the Greek Middle voice is not derived from a reflexive. This article by Maldonado makes the same case at a broader level working in Spanish and other Romance languages. Treating the Middle as a basic form rather than derived has huge implications for what our grammatical descriptions of Greek look like and how we go about teaching the middle voice.