Long time readers know that the authors are big fans of Paul Kroeger's introductory textbooks to grammar and syntax. Analyzing grammar: An introduction Analyzing syntax: A lexical-functional approach The former is an introduction to grammatical analysis focusing on morphology and syntax and the latter focuses on syntax specifically and is slightly more technical. The focus... Continue Reading →
Porter, Stanley. 2015. Linguistic analysis of the Greek New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic. This review is a long time coming. I owe it to my readers for their generosity in helping my wife and I get to Cambridge for the Greek Verb Conference (The Greek Verb Revisited) in 2015. A slight revised and edited... Continue Reading →
Paul's Triumph: Reassessing 2 Corinthians 2:14 in Its Literary and Historical Context by Christoph Heilig. Don't let the title fool you. While it appears to be a relatively standard New Testament studies monograph (and there's nothing wrong with that), this book is also of great interest to Greek linguists as well, focusing primarily on the... Continue Reading →
Sometimes looking at how a give noun is used to produce other words in a fascinating exercise. These are all from LSJM, though the glosses are modernized: μάχαιρα - knife/dagger μαχαιρᾶς - knife merchant μαχαιρίδιον - small knife μάχαιριον - shaving blade μαχαιρίς - butcher's knife μαχαιροδέτης - sword belt μαχαιροθήκη - knife case μαχαιροκ[οπέω]... Continue Reading →
When we talk about prepositional meaning, we have focused on the usage of prepositions in constructional contexts. We have not talked about ἀπό or ἐκ meaning CAUSE, for example, but rather ἀπό and ἐκ being used in a CAUSE expressions. This is an important distinction.
The following is an essay encompassing the analysis and data that we will be presenting in our paper on ἐκ and ἀπό at the Greek Prepositions Workshop at Tyndale house in Cambridge this coming Friday, June 30th. It is a compilation of the short pieces that we have posted over the past week.
We find a strong “experiential correlation” (Tyler and Evans 2003, 32) between actions and the consequences that result from those actions (i.e. cause and effect): Causes are understood to precede their consequences. If one event immediately precedes another, it is only natural to conceive of the former as the cause and the latter as the effect.
Temporal constructions shift the landmark and the trajector source expressions out of the physical plane and reconceptualize them as events. The trajector is an event conceived as moving away from the landmark viewed as a temporal reference point. Fundamental to temporal expressions with ἐκ and ἀπό are distance and separation, which are then applied to the temporal plane.