Semantic Gradiance in Middle Lexemes

Transitivity isn't a binary thing. You can scale it across usage. This is clear in things like lexical semantics. Consider the middle instances of φοβέω, for example. ἐφοβήθησαν δὲ ἀκούσαντες ὅτι Ῥωμαῖοί εἰσιν, they grew afraid when they heard they were Roman citizens (Acts 16:38). ἐφοβήθησαν φόβον μέγαν· They were greatly terrified (they feared [with... Continue Reading →

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